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Guide to the Horace M. Kallen research files, 1900-1977

Collection Overview


New School Collections

Collection Identifier



Kallen, Horace Meyer, 1882-1974


Horace M. Kallen research files, 1900-1977 (bulk 1930s-1960s), (Bulk, 1930-1970)


3 linear ft: 3 boxes

Language of Materials note

While the handwritten notes and Kallen's typed manuscripts in the collection are in English, published materials in the form of newspaper and magazine clippings, journal reprints, and reports are in English and in German. A lesser number of items are in French and in Yiddish.


These papers contain drafts, outlines, notes, and manuscripts authored by Horace Meyer Kallen (bulk 1930s-1960s), documenting his career as a founding professor of philosophy at the New School for Social Research (1919-1974). His papers also contain writings by others and research material in the form of offprints and printed journals. Many topics center around religion and his work with Jewish organizations, such as the World Jewish Council and Farband-Labor Zionist Order during the 1950s-1960s.

Preferred Citation note

[Identification of item], [date (if known)] , Horace M. Kallen research files, NS.02.15.01, box __, folder __, New School Archives and Special Collections, The New School, New York, New York.

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Biographical/Historical note

Horace Meyer Kallen (1882-1974) was a founder of the New School for Social Research in 1919 and a scholar and professor of philosophy. Before joining the New School, he received his PhD from Harvard University (1908), served as lecturer at Harvard, Clark College in Worchester, Massachussetts and the University of Wisconsin, from which he resigned due to his support for pacifists during the First World War. The other founders of the New School were also outspoken in their criticism of the United States' involvement in the conflict.

At the New School, Kallen's courses covered philosophy, psychology and esthetics, and he was known particularly for his lectures on "cultural pluralism." He was a member of the Zionist Organization of America and researched issues regarding the Jewish diaspora and Israel. During his career, he was also a member of the Mayor's Committee on City Planning, chairing the Subcommittee on Meetings and Exhibits.

Kallen died in Palm Beach, Florida on February 16, 1974.


Rutkoff, Peter M. and William B. Scott. New School :a history of the New School for Social Research, London: Collier Macmillan, 1986.



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Scope and Contents note

These records are described by topic, title of lecture, article or other work, or course title and are arranged into three series: General; Writings and Research; and Writings by Others. Folder titles have been maintained as they were encountered by processing archivist.

The General series contains one folder of correspondence, City Planning Committee records, and a binder of short essays on aspects of New School history.

The bulk of these files document Kallen's scholarly research, writings, and instruction during the 1930s-1960s and contain writings in the form of course and paper outlines, notes, manuscripts, annotated typescripts by him and others; along with research material such as clippings, programs, journals, and other printed material. These files are titled and ordered by topic, title of lecture, article or other work, or what may be a course title. Many topics center around religion and Kallen's work with Jewish organizations, such as the World Jewish Council and Farband-Labor Zionist Order during the 1950s-1960s. Some undated notes and outlines contain Harvard blue books, possibly stemming from Kallen's time there as graduate student and lecturer. His teaching work at the New School is documented throughout these files, such as his class reading lists. Of note are drafts and correspondence related to his play, The Book of Job: as a Greek tragedy, restored by Horace M. Kallen.

The Writings by Others series consists of offprints, journals and other printed publications, along with unpublished reports and papers, covering topics in philosophy and the social sciences. They are arranged alphabetically by author or, in the absence of author, journal title. Although offprints and journals will also be found in the Writings and Research series, the items in this series were encountered without notes or accompanying documents. Languages of publication are divided evenly between English and German, with a smaller number in French. Some items are inscribed to Kallen. Stamps and ephemera found with these materials, as well as one publication post-dating Kallen's death, indicate that they may have originated elsewhere and were possibly added while this collection was housed in Fogelman Library.


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Organization and Arrangement

  1. General, 1935-1959
  2. Writings and research, circa 1930s-1970s
  3. Writings by others, circa 1900-1977

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

New School Collections - 2016 Jun 30

66 Fifth Avenue
New York, NY, 10011

Preferred Citation note

[Identification of item], [date (if known)] , Horace M. Kallen research files, NS.02.15.01, box __, folder __, New School Archives and Special Collections, The New School, New York, New York.

Access Note

Collection is open for research use. Please contact archivist@newschool.edu for appointment.

Use Note

To publish images of material from this collection, permission must be obtained in writing from the New School Archives and Special Collections. Please contact: archivist@newschool.edu

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Transferred from the Raymond Fogelman Library to the New School Archives upon the establishment of the archives.

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Related Materials

Two large collections of Kallen's papers are held by the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research (29.5 linear feet) and the American Jewish Archives (38 linear feet). Both contain materials pertaining to the New School for Social Research.

The Reuben Abel papers (NA.0003.01) in the New School Archives document the work of one of Kallen's students, who later became Kallen's teaching assistant.


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Keywords for Searching Related Subjects

Corporate Name(s)

  • New School for Social Research (New York, N.Y. : 1919-1997). Graduate Faculty.
  • New York World's Fair (1939-1940).


  • Clippings (information artifacts).
  • Correspondence.
  • Manuscripts.
  • Offprints.
  • Research notes.


  • City planning -- New York (State) -- New York.
  • Philosophy -- Study and teaching.

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Collection Inventory

General circa 1935-1959 

Box Folder
Correspondence, circa 1937-1946 

Includes two undated studio portrait photographs of "Billie."

1 1
Mayor's Committee on City Planning, 1935-1938 

Includes minutes of executive committee and various sub-committees, correspondence with city officials, schools, hospitals and civic organizations, project planning files and reports, as well as several issues of the newsletter, Land Usage, a publication of the Land Utilization Committee of the New York Building Congress.

1 2-7
New School history reports, circa 1959 

One bound report consisting of multiple, smaller reports. Contents: [1]. 1919 -- [2]. 1919-1959: forty years of learning in a changing society / Agnes de Lima, the New School -- [3]. Extension utopia: a program of higher adult education for the late twentieth century / A.A. Liveright -- [4]. Report of Faculty-Administration Committee on Adult Education in Boston University, March 5, 1959 -- [5]. Development of a counseling program: in a school of adult education / Helen E. Williams, Assistant Dean and Counselor, New School for Social Research.

1 8

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Writings and research circa 1930s-1970s 

Box Folder
General, 1930s-1960s 
1 9-12
Adult education, 1948-1961 
1 13
Anti-semitism, 1960s 

Contains World Jewish Council press releases, meeting minutes, and clippings.

1 14
The Book of Job as a Greek Tragedy, Restored by Horace M. Kallen, 1926 

Includes annotated manuscript and correspondence regarding proposed publication.

1 15-16
Consumer Cooperation as Faith and as Works, circa 1962 
1 17
Course notes, undated 

Manuscripts, "City of God" and "Typical Theories of Life" and others, possibly Harvard University notes.

1 18-19
Dominant ideals, undated 

Notes and outlines regarding eighteenth century philosophers and possible Harvard University course notes.

1 20
Education and the Survival of the World Jewish Community, 1935-1967, undated 
1 21
Freedom: Outlines, circa 1950s 

Notes on religion, the state versus corporations, philosophy and social philosophy. Includes "An Anthropological View of Social Mechanisms." outline for paper by Gregory Bateson.

1 22
Freedom power, 1941-1952, undated 

Includes writings by others, "The Metaphysics of Pragmatism," Sidney Hook; "Science and Man's Stewardship, Tennessee Valley Authority," address by David E. Lilienthal, 1946; and "Common-sense and Scientific Model Constructs of Human Action and the Concept of Rationality," Alfred Schutz. Contains index note cards, outlines and handwritten notes.

1 23
Integration of the social sciences, 1937-1951 
1 24
Integration of the social sciences: Ethical foundations of strategic planning, 1946-1955 

Annotated typescript, "Individualism and Freedom, Some Random Reflections"; handwritten notes regarding atomic energy; offprints and notes on psychology of individuality, "whole and part," social sciences, education, race, 1940s. Also includes a remembrance of Felix Kauffman, who died in 1949, by Kallen.

1 25-26
Israelization, 1958-1960 

Includes minutes for American Association for Jewish Education (AAJE) annual meeting 1958, World Organizations sub-committee on educational conference and invited executives of National Jewish Educational Organizations, May 7, 1959.

2 1-2
Maimonides, 1935-1940 

Drafts and other material relating to Kallen's address presented at second annual Passover rally and Maimonides octocentennial anniversary celebration, Metropolitan Conference of Temple Brotherhoods, Temple Rodeph Sholom, New York, 1935.

2 3
"On being Jewish today: cultural pluralism and the Jewish idea," 1945-1961 
2 4-5
Predicaments of freedom: limits to toleration, 1948-1950 

Includes program for "One Globe - Two Worlds" symposium, Graduate Faculty of Political and Social Science, New School for Social Research in honor of Alvin Johnson, Jan 21, 1950, including Kallen's presentation, "Are There Limitations to Toleration in a Free Society?"

2 6
Problems in philosophy of religion, 1948-1952 
2 7
"Problems in Social Philosophy: Basic problems" [New School course], circa 1952-1953 
2 8
Psychologies and the living man and human tragedy-comedy, circa 1948-1954 

Includes reading list for "Philosophy of Art" class; letters and notes regarding the Ames demonstrations (1954), and correspondence with non-New School academics.

2 9
Psychology, circa 1936-1944 

Outlines and notes in psychology, Jung, Aristotle, pacifism, freedom, science, philosophy. Includes course materials for "Psychologies of the Twentieth Century" and "Schools and Systems of Psychology" classes taught by Kallen.

2 10
Religion, 1942-1964 

Includes notes on "Pragmatism - creative intelligence...Henry Waldgrave Stuart"; Society for the Scientific Study of Religion fall-winter bibliography 1958-1959, compiled by Walter Houston Clark.

2 11-15
"Religion in a Free Society," 1957-1961 

Includes Kallen's "Basis for Personality Study" survey and a program for a "Religion in a Free Society" seminar, sponsored by the Fund for the Republic, 1958.

2 16-17
Religion, morals and medicine, 1950s 

Notes from New York University School of Law symposium on morals and medicine, regarding the patient's right to know the truth, contraception, artificial insemination and other notes and research material regarding religion.

2 18
Schools and systems of psychology, 1933-1940s 

Includes typescript, "Project of a research institute on leaderhip and group organization" by Kurt Lewin. Topics include: psychology, experimental science, Kafka.

2 19-20
Secularism, papacy, dominant ideals, freedom, coexistence, 1950-1961 

Includes Graduate Faculty of Political and Social Science reading lists for Kallen's course, "Philosophy of Freedom."

2 21-22
Social psychology: international mind, undated 
2 23
Social philosophy, 1939, 1950s 
2 24
Who is a Jew, and other writings, 1954-1963 

Includes Farband-Labor Zionist Order materials.

2 25

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Box Folder

Writings by others 1900-1977 

Authors are: Ernst Bloch, Herman Cohen, Hans Driesch, Hadley Cantril, Lewis S. Feuer, Joshua A. Fishman, Elizabeth Fleiner, Werner Jaeger, William James, Robert S. Hartman, K. Koffka, Wolfgang Kohler, Alexandre Koyre, Gerhart Husserl, Paul Natorp, Sidney Ratner, Heinrich Rickert, David Riesman, George Sarton, F.C.S. Schiller, Paul Schrecker and Georg Simmel.

2 26
3 1-11

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Collection Guide Last Updated: 10/25/2016

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