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Guide to the Eugene Paul Ullman papers, 1880-2000

Collection Overview

Repository
Kellen Design Archives
Creator
Ullman, Eugene Paul, 1877-1953
Creator - Annotator
Ullman, Pierre L., 1929-
Title
Eugene Paul Ullman papers, circa 1880-2000
Extent
11.4 linear ft : 14 boxes, 2 oversize boxes, 3 oversize folders, 1 monograph
Summary
Eugene Paul Ullman (1877-1953), was an American painter of landscapes, portraits, and still lifes. Ullman studied and later taught with artist William Merritt Chase during the earliest years of the Chase School, predecessor school to what became Parsons The New School for Design. Ullman then moved from New York to Paris, where he briefly joined James Abbott McNeil Whistler's atelier and began receiving major awards for his work. The collection consists of artwork in the form of sketches and photographs of paintings, correspondence, exhibition catalogs, a scrapbook, and unpublished essay manuscripts. Much of the material is annotated by Ullman's youngest son, Pierre L. Ullman. Also included are files documenting the life of an older son, Paul Ullman, who was killed in France during the Second World War.

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Biographical note

Eugene Paul Ullman was an American painter whose career spanned the first half of the twentieth century. A student of American impressionist William Merritt Chase, Ullman painted portraits, landscapes, and still lifes, earning critical recognition at a relatively young age, and exhibiting throughout the United States and Europe. Beginning in 1902, his work was included in annual exhibitions of the National Academy of Design and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and within a few years his work was chosen for the annual exhibitions of the Art Institute of Chicago and the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts. Today, Ullman's paintings are held by the Brooklyn Museum, the Indianapolis Museum of Art, the Tampa Museum of Art, the Museum of Franco-American Cooperation at Blérancourt, and the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.

Ullman was born in New York City in 1877 to Bavarian immigrants Sigmund and Pauline Ullman. The Ullman family owned a successful ink factory, providing their son with sufficient financial resources to pursue a lifelong career as a fine artist. Ullman's education at Columbia University Grammar School was followed by business training and, finally, enrollment at the Chase School, where he studied painting under William Merritt Chase in Manhattan and at Chase's Shinnecock, Long Island summer school. It was at Shinnecock that Ullman met his future wife, artist and author Alice Woods (1871-1959). Ullman soon graduated from student to teacher at the school, which became the New York School of Art in 1898 and later evolved into Parsons The New School for Design.

Ullman began travelling to France in 1899. He briefly joined the atelier of James Abbott McNeil Whistler through an introduction from Chase. In 1903, Ullman moved to Europe and married Alice Woods in Belgium. The following year, Ullman received a Bronze Medal at the St. Louis Exposition and met up with Chase in Munich. In 1906, he was awarded a Temple Gold Medal of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and painted Chase's portrait. Ullman curated an exhibition at the American Art Association of Paris in 1914, which included works by Henri Matisse. He was made an associate member of the Société des Beaux-Arts, but later resigned in protest of the society's restrictive admissions standards.

Ullman's expatriate associates in France included Arnold Bennett, Ezra Pound, Alan Seeger, Booth Tarkington, and siblings Leo and Gertrude Stein. Stein featured Ullman in early drafts of "Moral Tales of 1920-1921," but their friendship experienced a rupture and he was subsequently excised from the published version. During the First World War, Ullman sought to volunteer with American Ambulance Field Service (later, American Field Service). He was unable to fulfill the necessary mechanical requirements, but eventually contributed to the war effort as a hospital carpenter, possibly at an American Ambulance facility, and through fund raising activities.

Following his divorce from Woods, with whom he had two children, Allen (1905-1971) and Paul (1906-1944), Ullman married Suzanne Lioni (1899-1950) in 1927. Pierre Lioni Ullman, the donor and annotator of the Eugene Paul Ullman papers, was born in 1929. Because of the German invasion of France, the Ullmans (Eugene Paul, Suzanne, and Pierre), accompanied by Paul and his family, left for the United States in 1940, settling in Manhattan before buying a farmhouse in Westport, Connecticut. Paul, an artist and illustrator who had spent much of his life in Europe, also brought his family to Connecticut.

Eugene Paul Ullman participated in the founding of the Four Arts Aid Society alongside sculptor Cecil Howard, and was made honorary president. The organization's mission was to aid artists who remained in Nazi-occupied France. Meanwhile, Ullman's son, Paul, volunteered to return to France with the American Field Service's ambulance corps, and engaged in confidential work on behalf of the Office of Strategic Services, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency. In 1944, prior to the Normandy invasion, Vichy-controlled militia shot and captured Paul when he parachuted behind enemy lines. He subsequently died in custody. Eugene Paul later received the Croix de Guerre from the French goverment on his son's behalf. Paul Ullman was also posthumously awarded the Bronze Star Medal by the United States government.

After the war's conclusion, Eugene Paul Ullman returned to France where, predeceased by Suzanne, he died on April 20, 1953.

The donor and annotator of the Eugene Paul Ullman papers, Pierre L. Ullman, is a graduate of Yale University, Columbia University, and Princeton University, from which he earned a doctorate in romance languages in 1962. He currently holds the title of professor emeritus from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee's Department of Spanish & Portuguese, and has published extensively on Spanish and Portuguese literature.

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Sources

Moralde, Jocelyn Guzman. 2000. Process and Repose: Paintings by Eugene Paul Ullman. UWM Art History Gallery. University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.

Ullman, Pierre L. 1984. Review Essay: Eugene Paul Ullman and the Paris Expatriates. Papers on Language and Literature, 20 (1), 99-118.

More...

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Scope and Content of Collection

The Eugene Paul Ullman papers include biographical materials on Ullman and family members, clippings, correspondence, drawings, exhibition catalogs and invitations, handwritten and typed manuscripts, photographs, and a scrapbook. Many of the items have been annotated and, in some cases, translated from the original French by Eugene Paul Ullman's son, Pierre L. Ullman. The papers cover Eugene Paul Ullman's life from childhood through his final years. Additional materials document Pierre L. Ullman's research on his father.

The papers are divided into five series. The first series, Artwork, consists of over 100 reference images of Ullman's oil paintings, as well as original pencil and pastel drawings. Pierre L. Ullman has annotated many of the reference images with information about provenance and disposition. (The Kellen Design Archives does not hold Ullman's paintings.) The drawings, which span from juvenile works to depictions of his wife prior to her death in 1950, are primarily sketches, not finished studies.

The second series consists of biographical and Ullman family-related materials, some created and received by Eugene Paul Ullman and some assembled by Pierre L. Ullman. Much of the documentation consists of annotated and translated photocopies--the originals have been retained by the donor. Included here are materials relating to Eugene Paul Ullman's middle son, Paul, who died in 1944, as well as a smaller number of items relating to his eldest son, Allen, and his youngest son, Pierre. The series also includes a scrapbook of ephemera maintained by Eugene Paul Ullman as a teenager during the 1890s. The scrapbook primarily consists of concert, opera, and theater programs from events in New York City and in Europe, documenting a Gilded Age adolescence.

The third series consists of printed materials and publications documenting the exhibition of Ullman's work, reproductions of his paintings in mass market periodicals, and newspaper and magazine clippings publicizing and reviewing his exhibitions and lectures. Some of the exhibition catalogs and other unbound, printed materials issued on the occasion of a public showing feature annotations, such as Ullman's assessments of other artists' work and sale prices. Early catalogs often feature the work of William Merritt Chase as well as other individuals associated with Chase and his school, including Robert Henri and F. Luis Mora. Exhibition catalogs and clippings featuring Ullman's son Paul and other family members will be found with Biographical materials.

The fourth series consists of subject files assembled by Pierre L. Ullman as a way of gathering, classifying, and interpreting his father's correspondence and other documents. The files have been divided into two groupings, one consisting of files arranged by named individuals and one consisting of files named by topic. Subject files are of both a professional and a personal nature.

The fifth and final series consists of handwritten and typed manuscripts. Ullman drafted unpublished essays about artists, collectors, critics, and authors he knew, including Arnold Bennett, William Merritt Chase, Gertrude Stein, and Pablo Picasso. Language in some manuscripts suggests his intention may have been to author an autobiography. Ullman also lectured on aspects of being a practicing artist, and the lecture scripts are included here. Correspondence regarding and drafts of an early attempt to translate Delacroix's journals into English are also present.

While Ullman's time studying with and subsequently teaching with William Merritt Chase at the Chase School of Art is not well documented in his personal papers, reflections on this formative period in Ullman's career will be found in his writings. Other school-related related materials include a rare school prospectus, a photograph of a trip to the Rijksmuseum with Chase, three letters from Chase, and two items autographed by Chase--a photographic portrait of Chase and a reproduction of an Alfred Stieglitz portrait painted by Chase. Exhibition catalogs collected by Ullman provide evidence of the two painters' intertwined exhibition history and document the trajectories of fellow Chase School alumni and associates.

More...

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Organization and Arrangement

Organized in 5 series:

  1. Artwork, 1880s-circa 1950s
  2. Biographical and Ullman family materials, 1890-2000
  3. Printed materials and publicity, 1895-2000
  4. Subject files, 1902-1959, undated
  5. Writings, 1920-1948, undated

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Kellen Design Archives February 16, 2012

66 5th Ave./
lobby level/
New York, NY, 10011
212.229.5942
archivist@newschool.edu

Use Restrictions

To publish images of material from this collection, permission must be obtained in writing from the Kellen Design Archives. Please contact: archivist@newschool.edu.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Donated by Pierre L. Ullman, Eugene Paul Ullman's son, 2001.

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Related Materials

A copy of the fashion book Les Modes du Directoire et du Consulat: Desins et Aquarelles de G. Garcia, H. Daragon that was donated with this collection has been transferred to Gimbel Design Library's Special Collections.

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Keywords for Searching Related Subjects

Corporate Name(s)

  • Chase School of Art.

Genre(s)

  • Catalogs.
  • Clippings (information artifacts).
  • Correspondence.
  • Manuscripts.
  • Photographs.
  • Scrapbooks.
  • Sketches.

Occupation(s)

  • Painters (artists).

Personal Name(s)

  • Bennett, Arnold, 1867-1931
  • Chase, William Merritt, 1849-1916
  • Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946
  • Ullman, Paul, 1906-1944

Subject(s)

  • Art -- Study and teaching.
  • Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris -- 20th century.

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Collection Inventory

Series I. Artwork 1880s-circa 1950s 

Includes reference photographs of Eugene Paul Ullman's oil paintings and original artwork created by Eugene Paul Ullman, primarily in the form of pencil and pastel sketches.

The reference photographs are primarily black and white reference reproductions in varying states of condition. Many images are affixed to cardstock and annotated by Pierre L. Ullman with information regarding provenance, exhibition and publication history, and identification of subjects and locations. Reference image files may also contain correspondence to and from Pierre L. Ullman regarding more current dispositions of paintings. For information about a specific title, the Kellen Design Archives has created an inventory of Eugene Paul Ullman's paintings, although it is not comprehensive. The file labeled "Children" includes reproductions of portraits of Ullman's oldest son, Allen, and his youngest son, Pierre, as infants.

Childhood drawings (mostly pencil, with isolated use of watercolors or colored ink) predominantly depict horses and carriages, masted ships, birds, and human figures in profile. All were mounted on heavy gray paper backing but have peeled off as adhesives failed. Many are initialled, "EPU." One small drawing of a Christmas tree and Santa Claus is addressed to Paul from Allen, presumably Ullman's children.

Sketches produced as an adult predominantly depict nudes, although a significant portion also depict musicians (Ullman's second wife, Suzanne, was a pianist, and Ullman played the violin), Suzanne, and what appear to be café or bar scenes. Also included here are five sketchbooks, ranging in size from 3-3/4 inches x 5-1/4 inches to 8-1/2 inches x 10-1/2 inches featuring pencil sketches.

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Reference images circa 1901-2000 
Title Box Folder
Children  1 1
Title Box Folder
Landscapes  1 2-3
12 4
Title Box Folder
Men  1 4
12 5
Nudes  1 5-7
Still lifes  1 8
Title Box Folder
Women  1 9-13
12 6-9
Sketches and sketchbooks circa 1880-circa 1953 
Title Box Folder
Childhood drawings  1 14-18
12 3
Loose sketches 
Title Box Folder
General  1 19-20
12 2
OSx-1 4-8
OSxxx-1 1-4
Title Box Folder
Musicians 

One sketch depicts a flutist resembling a satyr accompanying a female piano player. The original folder in which the drawings were housed has been retained and features notes about the contents.

1 21
OSx-1 1-2
Portrait [self-portrait?]  k_OSxx-3 1
Title Box Folder
Suzanne  1 22
OSx-1 3
Title Box Folder
Sketchbooks  2 1-4

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Series II. Biographical and Ullman family materials 1890-2000 

Includes a variety of materials and formats documenting personal aspects of Ullman's life as well as other members of the Ullman family, particularly Paul Ullman, the second child of Eugene Paul Ullman and Alice Woods. Like his father, Paul Ullman was an artist. According to his younger half-brother, Pierre, "[Eugene Paul Ullman] looked upon Paul, painter and etcher, as the embodiment of his own artistic ideals. Paul's death in World War II was an irremediable blow to him not only as a father but as an artist" (letter from Pierre L. Ullman to X. Theodore Barber, August 2000, Accession file).

Files include clippings, exhibition catalogs, a copy of a typed report by Paul, and photocopies of photographs depicting Eugene Paul Ullman at a posthumous Croix de Guerre awards ceremony and Paul's induction into the Legion of Honor. Also includes correspondence regarding Paul's gravemarker and the circumstances under which he died.

Also included here is a scrapbook Eugene Paul Ullman made containing numerous operatic, theatrical, and musical programs, school certificates, and travel ephemera collected in the course of a European vacation with his parents and brother.

More...

Title Box Folder
Birth, divorce, marriage documents [photocopies only], 1923-1928  2 4
Book dedications [photocopies only], 1890-1949  2 5
Manuscripts: "Eugene Paul Ullman Bibliography" and "Part of a draft of a family history written for Pierre L. Ullman's grandchildren," by Pierre L. Ullman, 2000  2 6
Manuscripts: "Portrait of a Lady with Poet: Margaret Cravens and Ezra Pound," by Martha Ullman West, circa 1983  2 7

Martha West is the donor's niece. She is the granddaughter of Alice Woods, Eugene Paul Ullman's first wife.

Military and government-issued documents, 1915-1919 [originals and photocopies]  2 8
Title Box Folder
Photographs [originals and photocopies], 1897-circa 1950 (documentation, 1999)  14 1
2 9-11
Scrapbook, 1892-1895  13 1
Travel documents [photocopies only], 1903-1927  2 12
Allen Ullman: Fortune magazine, 1944 Sep  14 4
Paul Ullman 1940-1950 
Bookplate etched for Eugene Paul Ullman, before 1945  12 1
Title Box Folder
Clippings, 1944-1950  2 13-15
k_OSxx-3 9
Exhibitions: "Artists for Victory," Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1942  2 16
Exhibitions: "Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting," Whitney Museum of American Art, 1944  2 17
Exhibitions: "Paintings by Paul Ullman (1906-1944) and Artists He Admired," Red Cross Exhibition at the American British Art Center, 1946  2 18
Military correspondence, 1944-1949  2 19
Report: "A Visit to the Section I of the American Field Service, Somewhere on the Front," 1940 Jun 7  2 19
Pierre L. Ullman circa 1930s-2000 
Birthday song composed for Eugene Paul Ullman and snapshot of Pierre as an infant [?], 1930s  2 20
Menu autographed by guests on his 21st birthday, 1950 Oct 31  14 3
Research on Eugene Paul Ullman, 1975-2000  2 21

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Series III. Printed materials and publicity 1895-2000 
Articles, reviews, and reproductions of artwork in print 1901-1953 

Publications denotes complete, intact publications, as opposed to clippings, which consist of articles, illustrations, and columns of text removed from larger print sources.

Title Box Folder
Clippings 1901-1953 
Title Box Folder
Loose clippings, 1921-1953  2 22
3 1
k_OSxx-3 10
OSxxx-1 5
Mounted clippings (Set 1), 1929-1948  3 2
Mounted clippings (Set 2), 1901-1948  3 3-5

Clippings appear to have been mounted recently, possibly by the donor. They may have been formerly mounted in a larger scrapbook, of which some of the pages have been retained.

Publicity scrapbook pages, 1908-1948  k_OSxx-3 11
Publications 1905-1924 
Art Bulletin (published by American Art Annual), vol. 4-5, 1905-1906  3 6
The Atlantic Daily News/Journal de l'Atlantique, circa 1907-1912  3 7
The Burr McIntosh Monthly, vol. 15, no. 60, 1908 Mar  3 8
The Craftsman, vol. 15, no. 3, 1908 Dec  3 9
Le Nu au Salon, no. 5, 1911  3 10
Les Arts, no. 1975, 1919  14 5
The Spur, vol. 33, no. 2, 1924 Jan 15  14 6
La Semaine á Paris, 1926 Nov 5  3 10
Exhibition catalogs, invitations, and awards 1895-2000 

Ullman is not featured in all catalogs. They may represent exhibitions he visited or exhibitions in which work of interest to him was exhibited. The first listings of Ullman exhibiting work are the William Clausen Galleries in New York and the Art Club of Philadelphia's 13th Annual Exhibition of Oil Paintings and Sculpture, both in 1901. Heavily represented catalogs include those of the Berliner Secession, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and the National Academy of Design.

The catalogs are international in scope and arranged chronologically.

More...

Title Box Folder
Unidentified catalog fragments, undated  5 1
Exposition Eugène-Paul Ullman, undated [catalog fragment]  5 2
Offizieller Katalog der Internationalen Künst-Ausstellung des Vereins bildender Künstler Münchens "Secession,” 1895  5 3
The Art Club of Philadelphia, 13th Annual Exhibition, 1901  5 4
William Clausen Galleries, 1901  5 5
National Academy of Design, 77th Annual Exhibition, 1902  5 6
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 71st Annual Exhibition, 1902  5 7
Art Institute of Chicago, 16th Annual Exhibition, 1903  5 8
Berliner Secession, 1903  5 9
Society of American Artists, Galleries of the American Fine Arts Society, 25th Annual Exhibition, 1903  5 10
Offizieller Katalog der Internationalen Künst-Ausstellung des Vereins bildender Künstler Münchens "Secession,” 1903  5 11
Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, 1903  5 12
National Academy of Design, 79th Annual Exhibition, 1904  6 1
Catalogue of the Society of American Artists, 26th Annual Exhibition, 1904  6 2
Berliner Secession, 1904  6 3
Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, 1904  6 4
Ville d'Orléans Exposition Industrielle, First Place Medal, 1905 [award only]  OSxxx-1 6
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 100th Anniversary Exhibition, 1905  6 5
Art Institute of Chicago, 19th Annual Exhibition, 1906  6 6
The International Society of Sculptors, Painters, and Gravers, Art Congress, Catalogue of the 6th Exhibition, 1906  6 7
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 101st Annual Exhibition, 1906  6 8
Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, 1906  7 1
Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts, Summer Exhibition, 1906  7 2
Art Institute of Chicago, 20th Annual Exhibition, 1907  7 3
Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, 1907  7 4
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 102nd Annual Exhibition , 1907  7 5
National Academy of Design, 82nd Annual Exhibition, 1907  7 6
Carnegie Institute, 11th Annual Exhibition, 1907  7 7
Liverpool Corporation, Walker Gallery, 1907  7 8
Catalogue of Portraits and Other Works by Eugene Paul Ullman, Fishel, Adler & Schwartz, 1908  7 9
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 103rd Annual Exhibition, 1908  7 10
Art Association of Indianapolis, The John Herron Art Institute, Catalogue of Paintings and Sculptures in the Permanent Collection, 1908  8 1
Cincinnati Museum, 15th Annual Exhibition of American Art, 1908  8 2
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 104th Annual Exhibition, 1909  8 3
Art Association of Indianapolis, The John Herron Art Institute, Catalogue of Paintings and Sculptures in the Permanent Collection, 1909  8 4
Art Institute of Chicago, 22nd Annual Exhibition, 1909  8 5
Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Peinture, Sculpture, Dessin, Gravure, Architecture, Art decoratifs, Exposition au Grand Palais, Exposition au Grand Palais, 1909  8 6-7
Carnegie Institute, 14th Annual Exhibition, 1910  8 8
Corporation of Liverpool, Walker Art Gallery, 40th Exhibition of Modern Art, 1910  8 9
Société des Artistes Indépendants, 26th Exposition, 1910  9 1
Corporation of Liverpool, Walker Art Gallery, 41st Exhibition of Modern Art, 1911  9 2
Pavilion of the United States of America, Collection of pictures and sculptures, Roman Art Exposition, 1911  9 3
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 107th Annual Exhibition, 1912  9 4
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 108th Annual Exhibition, 1913  9 5
Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, 17th Annual Exhibition, 1913  9 6
Art Institute of Chicago, 26th Annual Exhibition, 1913  9 7
Panama-Pacific International Exposition, Silver Medal certificate, 1915 [award only]  OSxxx-1 6
Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture by American Artists, Relief Fund for the Families of French Soldier-Artists and American Artists' Committee of One Hundred, M. Knoedler & Co., 1915  9 8
Exposition de Peinture, MM. Bernheim Jeune, 1916  9 9
Galerie Georges Bernheim, Paris, Exposition de Tableaux Sculptures - Objet d'art, 1916  9 10
Exhibition and Sale of Paintings, Drawings, Sculptures, Etchings, at the Penguin, 1917  9 11
Société des Artistes de Neuilly-s-Siene, Exposition de Bagatelle, 1919  9 12
Musée National du Luxembourg, Exposition d’Artistes de l’École Américaine, 1919  10 1
Société des Artistes Indépendants, 31ème Exposition, Grand Palais, 1920  10 2
Galerie Barbazanges, Paris, “Quinze” Peintres et Sculpteurs, 1921  10 3
Catalogue of Paintings in the Ullman Exhibition, Milch Galleries, Milch Art Gallery Notes, 1924  10 4
Galeries Durand-Ruel, Exposition du Groupe des Peintres et Sculpteurs Américains de Paris, 1926  10 5
Société des Artistes Indépendants: Trente Ans d’Art Indépendent, Rétrospective de 1884–1914, 1926  10 6
Société des Artistes Indépendants, Paris, 1926  10 7
Salon du Franc: Organisé par "Paris-Midi" au Musée Galliera, 1926  10 8

An exhibit of works donated by foreign artists as part of a campaign to rescue the French Franc. Auction prices, including those for Picasso, are annotated in the margins.

Exposition du Groupe des Peintres et Sculpteurs Américains de Paris, Galeries M. Knoedler, 1928  10 9
"Porza" Association internationale pour les échanges intellectuels et artistiques, 1937  10 10
Paintings by Eugene Paul Ullman, Leger Galleries, 1937  10 11
Paintings by Eugene Paul Ullman, Passedoit Gallery, 1943  10 12
92 Americans: An Exhibition at the Walker Art Center [partial photocopy], 1943  10 13
One Hundred Artists and Walkowitz, Brooklyn Museum, 1944  10 14
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 140th Annual Exhibition, 1945  10 15
Carnegie Institute, Paintings in the United States, 1945  10 16
Eugene Paul Ullman, American British Art Center, New York City, 1947  10 17
Art Américain Contemporain, Galerie Georges Giroux, Bruxelles, 1948  10 18
Société des Artistes Indépendants, 59ème exhibition, 1948  10 19
Exhibition by Artist Members of the Lotos Club, New York City, 1978  10 20
Life Imitates Art: The Aesthetic Movement, 1860-1900, Beloit College Museums, 1987  10 21
Process and Repose: Paintings by Eugene Paul Ullman (1877-1953), University of Wisconsin, 2000  10 22

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Series IV. Subject files 1902-1959, 1995, undated 
Name files 1902-1959, 1995, undated 

Name files typically consist of one to three items of original handwritten correspondence accompanied by a typed transcription, a translation if applicable (much correspondence is in French), and a biographical note or annotation provided by Pierre L. Ullman. A small number of files also include clippings and manuscript materials.

Some correspondence is addressed only to Eugene Paul Ullman, while other letters are addressed to Ullman's second wife Suzanne, or to the entire Ullman family. Letters of condolence upon the premature deaths of Ullman's son, Paul, and Suzanne comprise much of the correspondence. The majority of correspondents are fellow artists, critics, and others connected with the art world in Western Europe and in the United States. The bulk of the correspondence dates from the mid-twentieth century. According to the donor, Eugene Paul Ullman was selective in which correspondence he deemed worthy of retention. Pierre L. Ullman notes that Gertrude Stein's letters to his father were destroyed, although it is unclear by whom.

The William Merritt Chase file includes three letters from Chase to Ullman; a signed photographic portrait of Chase and a signed reproduction of a portrait of Alfred Stieglitz by Chase (Box 14); a letter from Charles W. Hawthorne regarding fund raising for a bust of Chase; and a prospectus for the New York School of Art covering the years 1896 through 1902. The prospectus is the only copy known to the Kellen Design Archives. For more about Ullman's relationship with his mentor, consult the manuscript drafts titled "Chase" and "John Sargent" in the Writings series. A photograph of Ullman with a Chase class will be found in the Biographical series under Photographs.

More...

Title Box Folder
General: Correspondence, 1943-1950  10 23

Originally labeled, "Unidentified." Correspondents' signatures are legible. The donor, however, was unsure of the correspondents' relationships to the Ullman family. Most are letters of condolence.

General: Postcards from First World War soldiers and volunteers, 1917-1918  10 24
Ades, Josiah, probably 1944  11 1
Anderson, Karl, 1951  11 2
Aumont, Jean-Pierre, 1945 Jan 4  11 3
Bartholomé, Paul-Albert, 1916 Feb 27  11 4
Baszanger, André, probably 1937  11 5
Bennett, Arnold, 1915 Jun 21  11 6
Bernard, Lia, 1951 Jun 2  11 7
Berwick, Gaby Baroness of, probably 1944  11 8
Besnard, Jean, 1949-1950  11 9
Bischoff, Ralph, 1950 Jul 20  11 10
Bitter, Ary, 1924-1950  11 11
Blanc, Elliott, before 1953  11 12
Burke, Loraine and Morgan, 1945 Jan 14  11 13
Title Box Folder
Chase, William Merritt, 1902-1923  11 14-15
14 2
Churchill, Winston, 1949 Mar 25  11 16

Draft or copy of letter Ullman wrote to Churchill inviting him to an exhibition and informing him of Paul's death.

Clark, Alson, 1945-after 1949  11 17

Clark was a student of William Merritt Chase at approximately the same time as Ullman.

Cortissoz, Royal, before 1953  11 18
Davidson, Jo, 1945 Jan 4  11 19
Davray, Henry D. and Delacroix translation correspondence, 1924-1944  11 20

Additional documentation on the translation of Delacroix's journals will be found in the Writings series under Loose manuscript materials.

Duval, Roger, 1946 Jul 14  11 21
Edelmann, Charles-Auguste, 1939-1949  11 21
Edwards, Ch. O., 1940  11 22
Elgozy, Georges, 1950 Mar 3  11 23

See also Four Arts Aid Society in Topical files.

Eulalia, Infanta of Spain, 1912 Jan 1  11 24
Farnham, Mateel Howe, 1951  11 25
Fointainas, André, 1923 Jul 6  11 26
Gallaix, Louis de and M. Guillaumin, 1939-1951  11 27
Gardiner, Charles, 1952 Jan 3  11 28

Gardiner was a student of William Merritt Chase at the same time as Ullman.

Gautier, Georges, 1946-1950  11 29
Gautruche, Henri and Jean Domesque, 1944-1950  11 30
Gieberich, Oscar, circa 1929  11 31
Goddard, C. F., 1917 Jul 13  11 32
Greene, J. Barry, 1950 Jul 13  11 33
Gribble, George D., 1945-1950  11 34
Gruber, Francis, probably 1944  11 35
Gunther, Jane, after 1950  11 36
Halber, Samuel, 1944 Dec 10  11 37
Hambourg, André, Cecil Howard and Lee Brady, 1946-1948  11 38
Hartveld, Myriam, 1944  11 39
Jones, Alice Ripley, circa 1944  11 40
Jullien, A., 1937 Jan 29  11 41
Kronberg, Louis, 1945 Jan 26  11 42
Landowska, Wanda, 1944, 1951, 1995  11 43
Le Gallienne, Eva, 1942 Dec 9  11 44
Lissim, Simon, 1944-1950  11 45
Luboschutz, Génia and Pierre, 1950 Aug 4  11 46
Maclagan, Eric, 1937 Mar 15  11 47
Martin, George, 1950 Jul 10  11 48
Maurer, Alfred, probably 1903  11 49
Mège, Violette and Baxte, circa 1950  11 50
Modrakwska, Eleanore, 1944 Nov 5  11 51
Montesquiou, Natalie de, 1949-1950  11 52
Myers, Jerome, circa 1950  11 53
Newburger, Morton and Peggy, 1950 Jul 9  11 54
Ozenfant, Amédée, 1946-1950  11 55

See also Four Arts Aid Society in Topical files.

Padova, Heyman, probably 1932  11 56
Peirce, Waldo, 1944 Nov 2  11 57
Pène du Bois, Guy, 1944-1950  11 58
Perrin, Jean, circa 1949  11 59
Perrot, Eugene, 1927 Jan 7  11 60
Phillippart, Lydia and Georges, 1950 Apr 26  11 61
Phillips, Edgar, 1940s  11 62
Pitts, Elizabeth (Betty) McCord, 1937-1949  11 63
Quenneville, Chantal, 1952 Nov 10  11 64
Rosenstein, Pearl, 1925 Jun 28  11 65
Sawyer, Marie, probably 1945  11 66
Schereschewsky, Elizabeth, 1945 Jan 10  11 67
Schulte, Antoinette, 1944  11 68
Seignobos, Charles, 1940  11 69
Tarkington, Booth, 1914, 1945  11 70
Venturi, Lionelli, 1944 Oct 17  11 71
Village priest, 1929 Jan 30  11 72
Wagner, Pierre, 1940 Feb 13  11 73
Woods, Alice, 1945, 1959, undated  11 74
Woolf, Samuel J., 1944-1950  11 75
Young, Mahonri, 1944-1950  11 76
Topical files after 1901-1951, undated 

Files contain both original items of correspondence and photocopies of official documentation.

Title Box Folder
General, 1940, undated  3 11

Includes a recipient list of individuals at the American Hospital and a National Committee of Independent Voters press release from 1940.

Institutes, societies, museums 1902-1951 
General, 1908-1951  3 12-13
Cercle Carré, circa 1913  3 14
Carnegie Institute (correspondent: John O'Connor, Jr.), 1943-1945  3 15
Four Arts Aid Association, 1945  3 15

See also George Elgozy and Amédée Ozenfant files in Name files.

Groupe Americain de Paris articles of incorporation, after 1901  3 16
Paris Society of American Painters, circa 1914-1917  3 17
Relief Fund for the Families of French Soldier-Artists, 1915  3 18

See also exhibition catalog, 1915.

Title Volume Volume
Salmagundi Club, 1927-1950  1 1
Title Box Folder
Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts/Legion d'Honneur Luxembourg, 1905, 1923, 1949  3 19-20
Title Box Folder
Madrid painting, 1919 Oct 17  3 21
Red Cross, 1944  3 22

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Series V. Writings 1920-1948, undated 

Materials include typewritten and handwritten manuscripts and lecture scripts in addition to numerous inserts and revisions, some of which have not been identified. Dates associated with the authoring and editing of manuscripts are often unknown and are not included in folder description unless otherwise noted.

A three-ring binder labeled, "Originals Alphabet #3" housed drafts of memoirs, essays, and ideas for essay topics arranged alphabetically. In addition to typed essays identified by handwritten tabs, the binder also contained a large amount of unorganized, inserted leaves, both typed and handwritten. Drafts of essays have been brought together when they were found out of sequence, or had been inserted under a misleading tab. The existence of binders #1 and #2 is unknown.

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Title Box Folder
Disquisitions probably 1940s 

Original folder title. Contains handwritten notes by Eugene Paul Ullman and typed manuscripts provided by Pierre L. Ullman. The unifying principle of the folder contents appears to be the formation of an art school in Westport, Connecticut, alternately identified as the Westport Atelier and the Westport Art Center. Manuscripts include notes regarding the formation of the school, teaching, a prospectus and lesson topics, and ad copy.

3 23-25
Loose manuscript materials 

Manuscript materials -- handwritten and typed -- encountered in various locations while processing. Folder titles taken from title of essay or first lines of essay indicated on the first page of each manuscript (identified by use of quotation marks). Arranged alphabetically by title.

Title Box Folder
Unidentified fragments  4 1-3
Typed list (possibly of essay topics)   2 drafts 4 4
Delacroix journal and Bodmer correspondence, 1920-1924  4 5-9

Includes correspondence between Ullman and H. Bodmer of Rhodes College, South Africa. Ullman was attempting to translate and publish Delacroix's journals in English. No bibliographic record of such a publication could be found, and the correspondence predates the Walter Pach translation of 1937. Additional documentation will be found in Name files under, "Davray, Henry D. and Delacroix translation correspondence."

Imaginary Conversation between Rembrandt and a United States Custom House Appraiser  4 10
John Sargent  4 10
Moral Tales of 1920-1921 commentary, 1948  4 11-13

Contains a copy of a manuscript typed by Alice Toklas and given to Eugene Paul Ullman by Gertrude Stein. The verso of each manuscript page includes editorial commentary by Ullman directed to Julian Sawyer, a Stein bibliographer, in the form of an open letter dated May 20, 1948. Someone has indicated in pencil on the manuscript pages which sections Stein omitted in later drafts and which were retained.

Ullman's essay in the "Originals Alphabet #3" binder titled "Gertrude Stein" examines his relationship with Stein and dissects its dissolution.

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"Nearly always when an artist..."   2 drafts 4 14
One Half of One Percent  4 10

Response to an unfavorable review by a New York Sun critic.

One Way to Paint, circa 1944   5 drafts 4 15-21

Drafts based on a talk given by Eugene Paul Ullman at the New York Public Library in February of 1944. Titles vary, although all are variations on "Reflections on Oil Painting." These manuscripts appear to be the basis for the essay, "One Way to Paint." Additional drafts will be found in the Originals Alphabet #3 binder as "One Way to Paint."

Talk Antwerp [American Woman's Club of Antwerp]   2 drafts 4 22
Originals Alphabet #3 [binder] before 1954 

Individual manuscripts formerly housed together in a three-ring binder. Arranged alphabetically by title with untitled materials preceding.

Title Box Folder
Unidentified fragments and inserts  4 23-24
Index  4 25
Arnold Bennett   2 drafts 4 26
Art  4 27
Chase [William Merritt Chase]  4 27
Children and Art  4 28
Critics  4 29
Daughters  4 29
Doctor Barnes [Albert C. Barnes]  4 30
Emma Goldman  4 30
Gertrude Stein   2 drafts 4 31-32
Kibitzers  4 30
Manuals   2 drafts 4 33
Obituaries  4 34
One Way to Paint  4 35-39

Various manuscripts, all similarly titled, on aspects of painting. They may represent different drafts of the same or related lectures or essays, and closely resemble the manuscripts in the Disquisitions files.

The manuscript titled, "Reflections on Oil Painting," indicates that Ullman wrote it for a talk delivered at the New York Public Library on February 15, 1944. Clippings in the Printed materials and publicity series reveal that Ullman gave lectures at other institutions, and these drafts may represent revisions of the 1944 talk.

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Patriot  4 34
Picasso and His American Baby  4 40
Secrets   2 drafts 4 41
Swarming around Picasso  4 42

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Collection guide Last Updated: 08/30/2012

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