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Guide to the Institute of World Affairs records, 1938-1957

Collection Overview

Repository

New School Collections

Collection Identifier

NS.02.16.01

Creator

New School for Social Research (New York, N.Y. : 1919-1997). Institute of World Affairs.

Creator

Staudinger, Hans, 1889-1980

Title

Institute of World Affairs records, 1938-1957, (Bulk, 1942-1953)

Extent

17.5 linear ft: 15 boxes

Language of Materials note

English; German

Summary

The Institute of World Affairs (IWA) records document the operations of the Institute and its administrators and researchers. The bulk of the materials originate from its founding in 1942 until its redesignation as the Research Division of the New School for Social Research in 1953, and consist of administrative records such as minutes, correspondence, research proposals and reports, contracts, publishing agreements, and budgets; writings in the form of manuscripts, drafts, notes, and published research material; and research project records, including correspondence, memoranda, interviews and questionnaires, study data and analyses, and graphs. The bulk of the material consists of project files, particularly the records from the Leisure-time project (1947-1953), as well as of projects and studies by researchers and administrators associated with the Institute, including Hans Staudinger, Phyllis Poses, Adolph Lowe, Elizabeth Tood, Lewis Lorwin, Henry G. Aubrey, and Alexander Ringer.

Preferred Citation note

[Identification of item], [date (if known)], Institute of World Affairs records, NS.02.16.01, box __, folder __, New School Archives and Special Collections, The New School, New York, New York.

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Historical

Founded in 1943, the Institute of World Affairs (IWA) was modeled after the Kiel Institute in Germany, an international research organization studying the world economy, of which Adolph Lowe and Hans Neisser were former members. The mission statement of the Institute outlines its goal to "perform research on international problems and to serve as a clearing house" for information on  "foreign regions and international relations," particularly in light of the shifting balance of global power due to World War II. Over the course of its ten year history, the Institute produced studies and research projects that led to published and unpublished monographs, occasional papers, conferences, and round-table discussions at the New School.

At its founding, the Institute was established as an independent unit of the New School, and took over all collective research projects formerly conducted by the Graduate Faculty (GF). In particular, the Institute developed from two divisions within the GF: 1) the Study Group on Germany, attended by members of the Graduate Faculty including Eduard Heimann, Erich Hula, Karl Mayer, Albert Salomon, Kurt Riezler, Leo Strauss, Horace Kallen, and Felix Kaufmann; and, 2) the Totalitarian Communication Project, organized by Hans Speier and Ernst Kris.

Max Ascoli, an Italian legal philosopher, was involved in the initial planning, fund-raising, and faculty research supervision, until Adolph Lowe became director of Research in 1942. The Institute was governed by the Council of Research, which was chaired by Hans Staudinger. Hans Neisser became acting director in 1950 until the post was taken over by Hans Simons in 1951. Lowe left the Institute in 1953.

The IWA was largely comprised of researchers associated with the "University-in-Exile," including Arnold Brecht, Alfred Kahler, Ernest Hamburger, Eric Hula, Kurt Riezler, and Frieda Wunderlich. The Ibero-American Center was an independent division of the IWA, focused on inter-American relations and headed by Frederick Haussmann.

The Institute sponsored studies in the field of politics, economics, and other interdisciplinary social science research, often focusing on industrialization and labor. Early research papers include: "International Trade in Raw Materials at Various Levels of Employment"; "Germany's Position in European Postwar Reconstruction," by Arnold Brecht, Adolph Lowe, Hans Simons and Hans Staudinger; "Technological Trends and the Flexibility of Labor," by Alfred Kahler; "Changes in the Democratic Process," led by Paul van Zeeland; and "Comparative Administration," by Arnold Brecht.

During World War II, the Institute served as an unofficial "office of information" for various federal war offices, a relationship that continued after the war had ended. Papers and research materials dating from the 1940s primarily relate to studies of Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union, and postwar reconstruction, and were often created in conjunction with, or on the commission of, U.S. war offices. The major research projects in this latter category include: Former Jewish Communal Property in Germany; Germany's Position in European Postwar Reconstruction; the Propaganda Research Center; the Social and Economic Controls in Germany and Russia project; and the Research Project on Totalitarian Communication.

After the end of the war, the Institute shifted its focus to issues of industrial labor and everyday life, although it continued to produce studies commissioned by the State Department. Post-war studies include: Attitudes of Native Labor toward Industrial Work; The Image of America as Reflected in the Writings of Foreign Observers; and Readability of the European Wireless Files Prepared for Overseas Distribution 19 May-19 July 1953, by the International Press Service, USIA.

The Leisure-Time project was perhaps the most ambitious, and sprawling, post-war research project undertaken by the Institute. Running from 1948 until 1953, the study began as an attempt to analyze the role of leisure time activity in the daily lives of workers in industrial society through a series of in-depth surveys and questionnaires. The project eventually came to be conceived as an inquiry into all aspects of mass democratic culture. Faculty and researchers directly involved in the project included Marie Macario Bestul; Phyllis Poses; Gerda Golder; Elizabeth Todd; Hans Staudinger; Paul Heurath; Seigfried Kracauer; Hilda Weiss; Alexander Ringer; and Laura Himovitch.

In 1951, the Institute fell under the direction of Hans Staudinger and engaged in technical studies for U.S. government departments. Staudinger had a hand in the administration of at least forty-five distinct projects, bringing in $500,000 in funds. Prior funding (1943-1951) reportedly totaled $630,000; coming from Independent Aid, Rockefeller Foundation, the Viking Fund, Hebrew Technical Institute, Rosenwald Foundation, and individual donors.

By 1953, the Institute--which had long operated semi-independently--had been brought into closer relationship with the New School for Social Research, and redesignated as the Research Division. The Institute last appeared in the 1954-1955 Graduate Faculty Bulletin. Economist and sociologist Lewis Lorwin, engaged as a research consultant for the New School during this time, wrote on the history of the IWA in his report, "The Place of Research and Related Activities in the New School for Social Research," describing the Institute as having been "started with too large expectations." The ambitious nature of its research agenda, and the collaborative and often sprawling method of research and writing, led to numerous incomplete and under-performing research projects that resulted in few publications or other deliverables.

Sources:

"History of the Institute of World Affairs," , 1943, Institute of World Affairs records, NS.02.16.01, box 1, folder 7, New School Archives and Special Collections, The New School, New York, New York.

Lorwin, Lewis. "The Place of Research and Related Activities in the New School for Social Research," 1953, Institute of World Affairs records, NS.02.16.01, box 12, folder 1, New School Archives and Special Collections, The New School, New York, New York.

Rutkoff, Peter M., and William B. Scott. 1986. New School: A History of the New School for Social Research. New York: Free Press.

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Scope and Contents note

These records document the operations and research conducted by the Institute of World Affairs (1943-approximately 1955) at the New School for Social Research, later known as The New School. Records predominantly consist of minutes, correspondence, research proposals and reports, contracts, budgets, typescript and draft manuscripts, and study data and analysis, documenting the activities of the Institute as manager of and participant in various studies, on its own and in collaboration with outside researchers and institutions. Correspondence, reports and other materials document the relationships between investigators and participants, including New School faculty and graduate students, and scholars from other institutions, in addition to the funding institutions and Institute staff administrating projects.

Institute writings include drafts and final copies of project reports, papers, monographs and theses springing from studies. Relationships with publishers are reflected in correspondence, contracts, and royalty statements. Publishers represented include: the University of Chicago Press, Cornell University Press, Hogarth Press, Oxford University Press, Pitman Publishing, and Allen & Unwin.

Records are arranged into three series: Administrative, Correspondence, and Research projects.

Series I contains administrative records, including meeting minutes for the IWA Research Council, conference materials, annual reports, financial records, contracts and agreements between the Institute and publishers, supply inventories, library records, and other materials documenting the operations and administration of the Institute.

Correspondence, Series II, consists of correspondence between individuals and IWA administrators, primarily Adolph Lowe, as well as communication between the Institute and various organizations.

The third series comprises the research project files of the IWA and its faculty, including correspondence, memoranda, proposals, outlines and reports relating to research projects sponsored by the Institute. The bulk of the material originates from the mid-1940s to the early 1950s, and includes studies done in conjunction with, or on the commission of, U.S. war offices, including Germany's Position in European Postwar Reconstruction; the Propaganda Research Center; the Social and Economic Controls in Germany and Russia project; and the Research Project on Totalitarian Communication.

The largest cache of materials relates to the Leisure-time project and Alexander Ringer’s thesis, Musical Attitudes of Metropolitan College Students. Ringer’s study drew upon a series of questionnaires issued to CCNY students regarding their musical taste and listening habits. The Leisure-time project was a major research project involving many of the IWA faculty. Running from 1948 until the 1950s, the study attempted to analyze the role of leisure time activity in industrial society through a series of comprehensive surveys and questionnaires. This subgrouping contains interview and questionnaire materials; time record forms and analyses; proposals, progress reports, and drafts of various area studies and sections. Some of the individual interviews and questionnaire materials have been restricted.

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IWA Bibliography

Taken from an internal New School for Social Research memo located in this collection, this bibliography includes a partial list of works published by faculty members associated with the IWA.

The books listed below were published primarily by Cornell University Press, and the Occasional Papers were distributed directly by the Research Division.

Books

Bienstock, Gregory, Solomon M. Schwarz, and Aaron Yugow. Management in Russian Industry and Agriculture (1944) Kris, Ernst and Hans Speier.  German Radio Propaganda (1944) Fraenkel, Ernst.  Military Occupation and the Rule of Law (1944) Brecht, Arnold.  Federalism and Regionalism in Germany: The Division of Prussia (1945) Schechtman, Joseph B.  European Population Transfers, 1939-1945 (1946) Ehrmann, Henry W.  French Labor from Popular Front to Liberation (1947) Kahler, Alfred, and Eernest Hamburger.  Education for an Industrial Age (1948)  Poshumous Works of Karl Mannheim. Edited by Adolph Lowe. Moore, Wilbert E.  Industrialization and Labor: Social Aspects of Economic Development (1951) Neisser, Hans, and Franco Modigliani.  National Incomes and International Trade: A Quantitative Analysis (1953) Hirsch, Julius.  New Horizons in Business (1955).

Occasional Papers

Johnson, Alvin, and Ernest Hamburger. "The Economic Problem of Germany" (1946) Neisser, Hans. "The Significance of Foreign Trade for Domestic Employment" (1946) Modigliani, Franco. "Fluctuations in the Savings Ratio: A Problem in Economic Forecasting" (1947) Moore, Wilbert E. "Primitives and Peasants in Industry" (1948) --. "Theoretical Aspects of Industrialization" (1948) Brecht, Arnold. "The New German Constitution" (1949) Aubrey, Henry G. "Deliberate Industrialization" (1949) --. "Small Industry in Economic Development" (1951) Doroghi, Ervin. "Grounds for Divorce in European Countries" (1955) Wagner, Helmut R. "A New Generation of German Labor" (1956)

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Organization and Arrangement

  1. Administrative, 1943-1957
  2. Correspondence, 1940-1955
  3. Research projects, 1938-1957

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Administrative Information

Processed by Jennifer Ulrich and Aaron Winslow

Publication Information

New School Collections - August 3, 2016

66 Fifth Avenue
lobby
New York, NY, 10011
212.229.5942
archivist@newschool.edu

Preferred Citation note

[Identification of item], [date (if known)], Institute of World Affairs records, NS.02.16.01, box __, folder __, New School Archives and Special Collections, The New School, New York, New York.

Access Note

Items identifying human research subjects are restricted for 120 years after person's known or estimated birth (or group of persons, like a class). Please contact archivist@newschool.edu for appointment.

Use Note

To publish images of material from this collection, permission must be obtained in writing from the New School Archives and Special Collections. Please contact: archivist@newschool.edu

Immediate Source of Acquisition

These records were transferred to the archives from Raymond Fogelman Library in 2012.

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Related Materials

The M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, State University of New York, Albany, holds the papers of a number of key particiants in the Institute of World Affairs, including Hans Speier, Adoph Lowe, and Hans Staundinger. In addition: Ernst Kris papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress; Ford Foundation Grant Files, New York State Historical Documents, Albany; Hoover Institution Library, Stanford University; Lewis Levitzki Lorwin papers, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University; Alexander L. Ringer Papers, Sousa Archives and Center for American Music, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Rockefeller Foundation records, RG 1.1-3, Rockefeller Archive Center. In the New School Archives, the New School Photograph collection (NS.04.01.01) includes a photograph of the office for the Institute of World Affairs, circa 1944: http://digitalarchives.library.newschool.edu/index.php/Detail/objects/NS040101_000307. The New School Publicity Office records (NS.03.01.05) includes transcripts of speeches and other materials related to the Institute.

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Keywords for Searching Related Subjects

Corporate Name(s)

  • Rockefeller Foundation.

Genre(s)

  • Administrative records.
  • Correspondence.
  • Financial records.
  • Manuscripts.
  • Questionnaires.
  • Reports.

Personal Name(s)

  • Aubrey, Henry G.,
  • Kris, Ernst, 1900-1957
  • Lorwin, Lewis L., (Lewis Levitzki), 1883-1970,
  • Lowe, Adolph, 1893-
  • Neisser, Hans, 1895-1975
  • Ringer, Alexander L.
  • Speier, Hans

Subject(s)

  • Germany -- Politics and government -- 1933-1945.
  • Labor economics -- Research.
  • Leisure -- Research.
  • Leisure -- United States -- Psychological aspects.
  • Nazi propaganda.

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Collection Inventory

Series I. Administrative 1943-1957 

These files contain minutes for the IWA Council, conference materials, annual reports, financial records, contracts and agreements between the Institute and publishers, supply inventories, library records, and other materials documenting the operations and administration of the Institute. Includes some correspondence as relevant to these subjects.

Box Folder
Annual reports, 1948-1949 
1 1
Business Advisory Group memoranda and meeting minutes, 1955-1956 
2 1
Conference on International Implications of Race Relations in the United States, 1952 Apr 18-19 
1 2
Department of State, 1946-1951 

The IWA (as well as the New School Research Division) and its researchers worked closely with U.S. intelligence and war offices during World War II, a relationship that continued after the war had ended. This section documents the relationship of the IWA with the Department of State through correspondence and conference minutes.

Correspondence, 1946-1951 
1 3
Point Four Roundtable Conference on United States Foreign Policy, 1950 
1 4
Financial and budget, 1943-1954 
1 5-6
History of the Institute of World Affairs, 1943 
1 7
Labor division in the Graduate Faculty, 1944-1953 
1 8
Library, 1943 Jun-1948 Jul 

Contains correspondence and lists relating to acquisitions made by the New School Library on behalf of the IWA.

1 9
Lowe, Adolph, resignation letter, 1951 
2 2
Office equipment and supplies, circa 1953-1957 
1 10
Photograph, undated 

Portrait of an unidentified man.

2 3
Publishing, 1943-1952 

Primarily correspondence and contracts regarding publication of books by faculty members and outside authors associated with the IWA and its research projects.

Allen & Unwin, 1947 Jun-1948 Jan 
1 11
Cornell University Press, 1947 Oct-1952 Feb 
1 12
Hogarth Press, 1946 Dec-1948 Dec 

Correspondence regarding Adolph Lowe's book, Price of Liberty.

1 13
Oxford University Press, 1943 Sep-1951 Sep 
1 14
Pitman Publishing Corp., 1949 
1 15
Royalties, 1945 Mar-1951 Jun 
1 16
University of Chicago Press, 1947 Apr-1950 Mar 
1 17
Sixth Annual Council on Student Travel, 1954 
2 4-5

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Series II. Correspondence 1940-1955 

The bulk of this series contains correspondence between individuals and Adolph Lowe and other IWA administrators, as well as between the Institute and various organizations. Correspondence relating to specific researchers and research projects will also be found in Series III: Research projects. The series is arranged in two main groupings: Individuals and Organizations and foundations. Within each subgrouping, items are arranged alphabetically by correspondent or subject of correspondence.

Box Folder

Individuals, 1942-1956 

Contains the incoming and outgoing correspondence of Adolph Lowe, Hans Simons, Hans Neisser, and Hans Staudinger and scholars from other research institutions and others collaborating with the Institute, including internal New School administrators (Bryn Hovde, Agnes de Lima, Mary Urban). Topics include publication of papers and submissions to Social Research. Correspondents include: Ernest Hamburger, United Nations; Edgar M. Hoover; V.K.R.V. Rao, Director, Delhi School of Economics and guest lecturer at Harvard; and Leo Strauss, University of Chicago. Some in German.

Box Folder
General A-W, circa 1942-1951 

Includes correspondence between Adolph Lowe (as thesis advisor) and Emilio Zea Gonzalez (PhD candidate), with his description of the Guatemalan revolt and his involvement and resulting government post, Chairman of the Junta de Liquidacion de Asuntos de Guerra (reparations claims by Guatemala against Germany and others, 1949). Also includes copies of outgoing correspondence from Alvin Johnson, such as to Walton Hamilton, School of Law, Yale University regarding collaboration between Yale and IWA (1943). Also includes correspondence from Eleanor French, YMCA, complementing YMCA-YWCA files.

1 18-19
2 6-13
Abbink, John, 1946 
1 20
Altschul, Frank, 1947-1949 
1 21
Bach, Frederico, 1949 
1 22
Bendix, Reinhard, 1948-1949 
1 23
Bergier, Arnold, 1950 
2 14
Bernard, Chester I., 1945-1951 
1 24
Boerner, Alfred V., 1950 
2 15
Braunthal, Julius, 1949 
1 25
Brecht, Arnold, 1942-1956 
1 26
Broch, Herman, 1946-1951 
1 27
Brown, Francis O., 1952 
2 16
Brozen, Yale, 1949-1950 
1 28
Buchanan, Norman S., 1949 
1 29
Fraenkel, Ernest, 1941-1945 
1 30
Grunebaum, Ludwig R., 1948-1951 
1 31
Harkort, Günther, 1948-1949 
1 32
Heilbroner, Robert, 1951 
1 33
Herberts, Jean, 1948-1950 
1 34
Kracauer, Siegfried, 1948-1951 
2 17
Moore, Wilbert E, 1946-1951 
1 35-36
Neu, Kurt, 1951 
2 18
Neisser, Hans, circa 1944-1951 
3 1
Niebuhr, Rheinhold, 1950 
2 19
Notestein, Frank, 1945-1946 
2 20
Perroux, François, 1947-1950 

In French.

3 2
Peter, Hollis, 1951-1952 
2 21
Pinner, Berna, 1949-1950 
3 3
Polak, Jacques, 1951 
2 22
Pye, Philip, 1950-1951 
2 23
Rao, V.K.R.V., 1948-1951 
2 24
Rinner, Erich, 1951 
2 25
Rockefeller, Nelson A., 1948-1949 

Regarding rejection of Staudinger and Wohl transportation study.

3 4
Seeth, Alma, 1951 
2 26
Singer, Hans W., 1947-1949 

Regarding United Nations studies.

3 5
Tabatchnik, Marc, 1950-1951 
2 27
Taylor, Horace, 1951 
2 28
Todd, Elizabeth, 1947 
2 29
Vogelstein, Theodor M., 1950-1951 

Includes typescript, "Joseph A. Schumpeter and the Sozialisierungskommission: An annotation to Gottfried Haberler's memoir of Schumpeter".

2 30
Willits, Joseph H., 1941-1952 

Regarding Rockefeller Foundation grant for the Neisser project: Domestic Determinants of International Trade.

3 6
Wolfers, Arnold, 1947-1949 
3 7
Yntema, Theodore, 1946 
3 8

Organizations and foundations, 1940-1955 

Box Folder
General, 1942-1946 

Includes: Woodrow Wilson Foundation, United Nations, and United States Department of Labor, Council on World Affairs, Fight for Peace, Coordinator of inter-American affairs, Hoover Library, American Zionist Emergency Council, Canadian Embassy, American Labor Conference, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and British Consulate.

3 9-10
Academy of Sciences of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, 1946-1949 

Letters in Russian and English, requesting copies of publications.

3 11
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1946-1951 

Includes letter from Alger Hiss.

3 12
Falk Foundation, 1944-1946 
3 13
Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America, 1949-1950 
3 14
Fels Fund, 1948 
3 15
Ford Foundation, 1950-1955 
3 16
Ibero-American Center Roundtable on Latin America, 1947-1948 
3 17-18
Institute of International Education, 1951 
3 19
National Bureau of Economic Education, 1947-1951 

Adolph Lowe as representative of organization.

3 20
New York Academy of Science, 1947-1951 
3 21
Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1945-1949 
3 22
Twentieth Century Fund, 1947 
3 23
United States Steel Corporation, 1951 
2 31
Viking Fund, 1940-1950 

Correspondence with Hans Staudinger from Viking Fund, with outgoing Staudinger correspondence photocopies regarding the study "The Image of America as Reflected in the Writings of Foreign Observers" and the Leisure-Time in Industrial Society project

3 24
Wenner-Gren Foundation (formerly Viking Fund), 1946-1955 
3 25
YMCA-YWCA, 1947-1950 

Re: Committee on religion in higher education meeting and other Christian conferences, and publication, The Woman's Press.

3 26

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Series III. Research projects 

Includes correspondence, memoranda, proposals, outlines and reports relating to research projects sponsored by the Institute. Some material pre-dates the establishment of the Institute, having begun under the auspices of the Graduate Faculty Research Center.

The bulk of the material originates from the mid-1940s to the early 1950s. Many of these projects were done at the request of U.S. wartime offices, including: Former Jewish Communal Property in Germany; Germany's Position in European Postwar Reconstruction; the Propaganda Research Center; the Social and Economic Controls in Germany and Russia project; and the Research Project on Totalitarian Communication.

Postwar studies include: "Attitudes toward Industrial Work"; Vera Brenson’s education studies; Frederik Haussmann’s industrial education studies; the Image of the American in Foreign Literature project; the Readability of the European Wireless Files study; and materials from the Study Center in Community Participation (SCCP).

The largest cache of materials relate to the Leisure-Time Project and Alexander Ringer’s thesis, Musical Attitudes of Metropolitan College Students. Ringer’s study drew upon a series of questionnaires issued to CCNY students regarding their musical taste and listening habits. His methodology influenced his advisor, Hans Staudinger, who incorporated these methods and conceptual frameworks into the large-scale Leisure-time project.

The Leisure-time project was a major research project involving many of the IWA faculty. Running from 1948 until the 1950s, the study attempted to analyze the role of leisure time activity in industrial labor through a series of comprehensive surveys and questionnaires. Individual studies under this project include research on Work and Job by Hilda Weiss; Home and Family and Friends by Phyllis Poses; Group Cohesion; Values; and Education. This subgrouping contains interview and questionnaire materials; time record forms and analyses; proposals, progress reports, and drafts of various area studies and sections.

Another major cache of materials are the Lewis Lorwin files. Lorwin acted as chief consultant to the Research Division (successor to the IWA, circa 1955). Included herein is correspondence, commentary, and drafts related to various faculty and non-faculty research projects, as well as material relating to several projects found elsewhere in the collection, including the Leisure-time study; research on labor and industry; and the Religion in Germany project.

Of consideration for researchers is the nature of research at IWA. Projects were often completed collaboratively, with many different researchers participating in a semi-autonomous manner. Many of the larger research projects included smaller, more focused studies and papers. Additionally, many projects grew from a single faculty member's research to include many other researchers, while others began collectively, with discrete study areas assigned to individuals. As a result, many of the seemingly discrete studies and projects here share personnel, concepts, and research materials.

The material in this series is arranged alphabetically by researcher (when a single researcher and writer could be determined) and research project title (when the research project encompassed multiple studies or was conducted by a larger team of researchers).

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Box Folder

General 1938-1957 

Box Folder
Altschul, Frank. "Anglo-American Solidarity in the Postwar World," 1945 
2 32
Attitudes toward Industrial Work, 1946-1949 
Correspondence and memoranda 
2 33
Reports, proposals, and drafts 
2 34-35
"Background of Industrialization: a Case Study of the Pre-Industrial Structure of the Argentine economy," circa 1940s 

Although unsigned, this study is likely authored by Aubrey.

5 6
Bibliographies, 1949-1950 
5 7
Bloc Economy research project descriptions and proposals, 1940 
5 8
Blum, F.H. Guaranteed wages research project, 1947 
5 9
Brecht, Arnold, 1942-1949 
"Federalism and Regionalism in Germany," 1945-1947 

Includes correspondence and typescript draft of preface by Adolph Lowe.

5 10
"An International Safety Belt Pact," 1942-circa 1949 

Contains a draft report, and report on Special Committee on Comparative Administration of the Social Science Research Council Committee on Public Administration. Brecht served as chairman.

5 11
Brenson, Vera, 1940s-1950s 
"Educational Objectives of New School Students in Light of their Social and Individual Development," 1940s-1950s 
5 12
"The Function of Education in the Development of a Goal Image," 1940s-1950s 
Drafts, 1940s-1950s 
5 13-15
Guide and excerpts, 1940s-1950s 
5 16
"The Meaning of Education," circa 1949 
Case excerpts, circa 1949 
6 1
Complete typescript draft, circa 1949 
5 17
Notes and drafts, circa 1949 
6 2
Rough drafts, circa 1949 
6 3
"Study of the enjoyment and satisfaction gained from attending the New School," 1940s-1950s 
5 18-19
6 4
Broch, Hermann. "Call for an International University" ("Grundungsaufruf fur eine Internationale Universitat"), 1946 
5 20
Business Research Projects at Universities study, 1941 
5 21
"Changes in the Democratic Process," 1944 

Meeting minutes and correspondence.

5 22
Colm, Gerhard, and Manuel Helzner. "General Economic Feasibility of National Security Programs," 1957 
5 23
Council of Research, 1944-1951 

Chaired by Hans Staudinger, the Council oversaw the research operations of the IWA. Included are meeting minutes and proposals.

Correspondence, 1943 May-1951 Jun 
5 24
Meeting minutes, 1944 
5 25
Research proposals, 1944 

Proposals include "Modern Bureaucracies, Public and Private"; "The Multi-National State: Its Philosophy and its Institutions"; "Industrialization and the Pattern of World Trade"; "International Trade in Raw Materials at Various Levels of Employment."

5 26
The Development of Backward Regions and European Reconstruction, 1948 
5 27
Economic Development research project proposal, 1945-1949 
5 28
Ehrmann, Henry. "French Labor in Crisis and War," 1947 
5 29
"Financing World Economic Development," 1949 Jun-1950 Dec 
5 30
"Former Jewish Communal Property in Germany: a Questionnaire Survey," late 1940s-early 1950s 

Study compiled and analyzed by the American Federation of Jews from Central Europe, Inc.

5 31
"Germany's Postion in European Postwar Reconstruction," 1944-1949 

This study was funded by the Rockefeller Foundation in order to study the results of post-World War I reconstruction in Germany, with an eye toward the practical implementation of these lessons following World War II. The study was composed of a number of smaller research projects. Contained herein is correspondence, progress reports, and individual research project manuscripts.

5 32-33
Goldstein methodology, 1940s-1950s 
7 1
Halasi, Albert. "International Monetary Cooperation," 1942 May 
7 2
Haussmann, Frederik, 1942-1944 

Includes correspondence and typescripts, including "Some Misconceptions about International Cartels"; "World Oil Cartel: Past and Future"; "Latin American Oil in War and Peace"; "The Reorganization of the German Coal Industry and its International Aspects"; and "Industrial Organization and Control: the Petroleum Industry."

7 3-6
Hula, Erich, 1944 

Includes typescript drafts of "Sovereignty Under Attack" and an outline of research for  The Multinational State: Its Philosophy and its Institutions.

7 7
Image of America, 1947-1957 

Begun in 1945, this project aimed to assess the conception of the American in a global context. Includes draft reports, correspondence, and a paper by Siegfried Kracauer, "Analysis of Images." Lewis Lorwin described the project as "a total loss."

7 8-9
Industrialization, 1940s 
Literature review, 1940s 
6 5
Research materials, 1948 
6 6
"Industrialization and the Pattern of World Trade," 1943-1944 
6 7
"Institutional Obstacles in Inter-American Trade and Investments," 1944 
7 10
Jasny, Naum, 1953 

Includes typescript drafts of "Essays on the Soviet Economy," and a speech to the IWA Business Advisory Group. "Soviet Economic Power."

7 11
Kähler, Alfred, 1941-1952 

Regarding Kähler's book, written with Ernest Hamburger, Education for an Industrial Age.

7 12
Kris, Ernst, and Hans Speier. German Radio Propaganda, 1944-1945 
7 13
"Labor Economics in Totalitarian Germany in Peace and War," 1940s 
7 14
List of research projects, after 1941-circa 1950s 
10 13
Lowe, Adolph, 1947-1949 

Includes typescript drafts of the papers "Economics and Sociology," "Economic Development," and "International Development of Iron and Steel," the latter of which was written with Ernest Hamburger.

12 10
Marschak, Jacob. "Labor Economics in Totalitarian Russia," 1940s-1950s 
12 11
Mayer, Albert. "India Newsletter," 1957 
12 12
Moore, Wilbert E. "Utilization of Human Resources through Industrialization," 1950 
12 13
Pekelis, Alexander H., 1942-1945 

Includes materials regarding Pekelis's research projects, including those on the Supreme Court, the Institutional Obstacles in Inter-American Trade and Investment, and Opportunities for Inter-American Investment and Trade.

12 14
Phillips, Bernard. Analysis of pilot study materials, 1948 
12 15
Phillips, John M. "Television as a Social Force," 1940s-1950s 
12 16
Puerto Rico research material, 1944-1945 
12 35
"The Pursuit of Happiness as a Central Theme of American Civilization," 1945-1946 

Alternatively entitled "The Right to the Pursuit of Happiness."

12 36
"Readability of the European Wireless Files Prepared for Overseas Distribution, 19 May-19 July 1953, by the International Press Service, USIA," 1953-1955 

Contracted and funded in 1953 by the newly-created United States Information Agency.

12 37
"Religion in Germany Today," 1954-1957 

Documentation of a study initiated and led by Carl Mayer, with the mission of analyzing religion in post-war Germany. Other project personnel included Helmut R. Wagner, Thomas Luckmann, and Salvator Attanasio.

12 38
13 1-2
Riesman, David and Nathan Glazer. "Political Apathy and Character in America," after 1944-circa 1953 

Some materials are restricted. Please email archivist@newschool.edu for further information.

13 3-4
n_RESTRICT_1 2
Schechtman, Joseph. European Population Transfers, 1939-1945 correspondence, 1947 
13 23
Social and Economic Controls in Germany and Russia, 1941-1956 

Formed in 1941 and financed by the Rockefeller Foundation, this research group focused largely on labor politics in Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia. During World War II, the project served as an "office of information" for various federal war offices. Under the direction of Freida Wunderlich, Arthur Feiler, Jacob Marschak, Hans Staudinger, and Adolph Lowe, the project produced more than thirty-six studies before its termination in 1943.

Final report, 1944 
13 24
Manuscripts, 1941-1945 

Drafts of project studies, including: "The German Increment Income Tax"; "Industrial Concentration versus Small Business," Herbert Block; "Training Armament Labor in Nazi Germany," Hans Arons; "Mobilization of Women in Germany," Judith Grunfeld; "Price Control in Nazi Germany," Ernest Doblin; "Development of Labor's Standard of Living in Nazi Germany," Hilde Oppenheimer-Bluhm; "German Civil Service Today," Arnold Brecht; "German Methods of Allocating Labor"; "German Transportation Policy During the War," Herbert Block; and "Management in Russian Industry and Agriculture. Also includes unidentified manuscript on labor movement in Nazi Germany, most likely Ernest Hamburger's "How National Socialism Conquered German Labor."

13 25
14 1-6
Print copies, 1942-1956 
14 7
Report of the Research Project on Social and Economic Controls in Germany and Russia, 1941-1943 
14 8
Social Problems of Postwar Education, 1940s-1950s 
14 9
Staudinger, Hans, 1947-1960 

Includes handwritten notes, typescript memoranda, drafts, and commentary on other researcher manuscripts.

Born in Germany, Staudinger (1889-1980) studied economics and sociology under Max and Alfred Weber, and later served in the Reich Ministry of Economics and the Prussian Ministry of Trade and Industry. A member of the Social Democratic Party, Staudinger was arrested by the Nazis in 1933. Upon release, he fled to Belgium and later immigrated to the United States, joining the Graduate Faculty of the New School for Social Research. He remained at the New School as professor of economics, and later as dean. He directed the Council of Research for the Institute of World Affairs (IWA) and headed the Leisure-time project.

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14 10
Study Center in Community Participation (SCCP), circa 1955-1957 

Organized at the New School in 1954 under the direction of Max Wolff, the SCCP held courses, consultations, and meetings and conferences on the topic of "citizen participation in community affairs." Contained here is correspondence, memoranda, proposals, grant materials, progress reports, course catalogs, and brochures relating to the administration of the Study Center from its second year until the final year of its existence, 1957.

14 11-13
Todd, Elizabeth, 1946-1947 

Elizabeth Todd was a policy specialist in the Graduate Faculty of the New School and a prominent researcher and administrator within the IWA. These materials comprise correspondence, memoranda, and drafts relating to Todd's research studies "Human Effects of Unemployment Compensation" (1947) and a research proposal for "The twain have met" (1946). The Leisure-Time study section contains correspondence, writings and research conducted by Todd as part of this study. A large amount of correspondence from Todd can also be found in the Correspondence series.

14 14
Training Guide on Constructing Questionnaires and Interview Schedules for Sociology 195-196, Columbia University, 1949 
14 15
Wohl, Paul. Transportation, 1949-1955 

Contains correspondence, memoranda, proposals, progress reports, and published research material relating to Wohl's study of transport conditions and policies in the Western Hemisphere, with special emphasis on Latin America.

14 16-17
 
14 18

Aubrey, Henry G., 1940s-1951 circa 1951-1954 

Aubrey was a visiting professor in the Graduate Faculty of Political and Social Science and authored the IWA Occasional Papers, "Deliberate Industrialization" and "Small Industry in Economic Development." He headed the study, Financing World Economic Development (1949-1950). He was also involved in compiling a bibliography for the IWA. The bulk of this sub-grouping consists of research material and manuscripts regarding economic development and vocational education.

Box Folder
General, 1940s-1950s 
2 36
Address to the Business Advisory Group, 1945-1951 
2 37
"Bibliography of Economic Development," with Nicholas Ujlaki, 1950-1951 
2 38
Development project, 1950 

Includes drafts of articles, memoranda, studies, proposals, course, and research material.

2 39-41
3 27
4 1-2
Economic Development Abroad: the Democratic Weapon, conference, 1950 
4 3
Economic Development of Underdeveloped Areas, course material, 1950 
4 4
Industrialization in Chile, circa 1950 
4 5
Inflation project, 1951 
4 6-8
Inter-American Conference on Vocational Education, 1951 
4 9-10
"Machine Trade," circa 1940s 
3 28
Notes, 1940s-1950s 
4 11
"The Place of Small Industry in Economic Development," 1951 

Contains article and research drafts, as well as notes from a roundtable held on the research topic.

3 29
4 12-17
Research material, 1940-1961 
General, 1940-1952 
4 18-19
Agriculture, 1951-1953 
4 20
Domestic capital formation, 1950-1952 
4 21
Economics papers, 1952-1961 
4 22
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United States (FAO), 1950 
3 30
4 23
Industry, 1950-1952 
4 24
International investment and aid, 1950 
4 25
International Labour Organization, 1949-1951 
3 31-32
Investment, 1950-1951 
5 1-2
Mexico, 1949-1954 
5 3
Private foreign investment, 1948-1951 
5 4
Technical assistance, 1951-1952 
5 5
"Role of the State in Economic Development," 1947-1952 
3 33

Leisure-Time project, circa 1938-1952 

The Leisure-Time project ran from 1948 until 1953, and attempted to analyze the leisure time activities of workers in industrial society through a series of comprehensive surveys and questionnaires. Contained herein are correspondence, financial records, interview and questionnaire materials; time record forms and analyses; proposals, progress reports, and drafts of various area studies and sections. The study made use of Alexander Ringer's survey materials and sample population at CCNY, which he used as part of his musicology studies, ultimately incorporating his study into the larger research project. The project studies were largely based on detailed interviews, questionnaires, and time record analyses from a sample comprising mainly City College of New York students; millinery workers; and nurses. The project involved both conceptual/methodological questions as well as those related directly to the subject. As the study progressed, methodological concerns arose for the researchers, including the "area of concern" and the concept of "choice" within life activities. Included herein are various writings on these topics. The Leisure-Time study continued even as the IWA transitioned into the Research Division. Materials relating to the study during this latter period, circa 1953, will be found herein in the Lewis Lorwin subseries.

Faculty and researchers directly involved in the project include: Marie Macario Bestul; Phyllis Poses; Gerda Golder; Elizabeth Todd; Hans Staudinger; Paul Heurath; Seigfried Kracauer; Hilda Weiss; and Laura Himovitch. Because the project produced so few publications, the results of the study were disappointing to many of the researchers involved, as well as to the independent evaluator Lewis Lorwin. Some folders containing survey, interview, and questionnaire material have been restricted. Contact archivist@newschool.edu for details.

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Box Folder
Analysis procedures, 1948 
7 15
Book and article summaries, 1948 
7 16
Bram, Joseph, 1947 
7 17
Choice, circa 1948 

Contains papers regarding the concept and problem of "choice," both for researchers and research subjects.

15 1
7 18
Classification of Students According to Goals, circa 1948 
7 19
Codes, circa 1948 

Punch card code sheets.

7 20
Concern area analysis material, circa 1948 

These files relate to the definition, analysis, and establishing of indices for area analysis and area of concern, key conceptual elements in the Leisure-time study. The papers, often unattributed, were likely authored by project participants, including Phyllis Poses, Hans Staudinger, Adolph Lowe, Alexander Ringer, Norma Gordon, and Laura Himovitch.

6 8
7 21-24
Correspondence, 1947-1950 
7 25
Draft of "Procedure" section of project description, 1948 
7 26
Expenditures, 1948-1952 

Leisure Time Project

7 27
"General View of the Project," circa 1948 
7 28
Glossary, 1948 
7 29
Gordon, Norma, 1941-1948 
7 30
Graham, Elaine D, 1948 
7 31
"Group Cohesion and Leisure," circa 1947 
7 32
Himovitch, Laura, 1948 
7 33
Interviews and questionnaires, circa 1948 
Analyses, circa 1948 
6 9
7 34
8 1-2
City College of New York Preliminary questionnaire forms, 1948 

Some materials are restricted. Please email archivist@newschool.edu for further information.

6 10
8 3
n_RESTRICT_1 1
Comments and criticisms, circa 1948 
8 4
Data forms and notes, circa 1948 
6 11-15
8 5
Extracts, 1948 
8 6
Guidelines, 1948 

Includes instructions for interviewers, model questions, and draft reports and essays on goals, procedures, and concepts underlying interview structure.

6 16
8 7-10
Memorandum on questionnaires, 1948 
8 11
Millinery workers union, 1948 
6 17
8 12
Notes on interview sessions, 1948 
8 13
Nurses, 1948 
8 14
Results, circa 1948 
8 15
Inventory of Phillips activities, circa 1948 
6 18
Inventory of projects file, circa 1948-1950s 
6 19
Inventory of tables, circa 1948 
8 16
Kracauer, Siegfried, circa 1948 
8 17
"Married Men, Single Men" outline, circa 1948 
8 18
Memoranda, 1947-1949 
8 19
New York time budget survey, 1946 
8 20
Notes, circa 1948-1949 
6 20
8 21
Poses, Phyllis, 1946-1950 
General, 1948 
6 21
Area research, 1948 
6 22
Clippings, 1948 
6 23
Friends study, circa 1948 
6 24-26
9 1-2
Home and family study, circa 1948 
9 3-4
Leisure time study preface, 1950 
9 5
Notes, circa 1948 
9 6
Outline and tentative plan for a study of interpersonal relationships, 1949 
9 7-8
Personnel file, 1946-1949 
9 9
"Preliminary memo to A. Lowe from E. Todd," 1947 
8 22
"Preliminary Survey of Principles of Analysis," 1948 
8 23
Progress reports, 1948-1950] 
8 24-25
Project development materials, 1947-1948 

Includes correspondence and reports documenting evolution of the Leisure-time project, including policies and procedures.

8 26-30
Research materials, 1938-1952 
8 31
Riesman, David and Reuel Denny: "Background paper for Roundtable B, 'Leisure and Human Values in Industrial Civilization' ," 1951 
8 32
Sample study participation letters, 1948 
10 1
Staff meeting minutes, 1948 
10 2
Staudinger, Hans. "Leisure-time and free-time studies," circa 1948 
10 3
Time record material, circa 1948 
Analyses, circa 1948 
10 4
First results, 1948 
15 2
Instructions for Filling in Time Records, circa 1948 
10 5
"Report on the Processing of the Time Budget Sheets," 1948 
10 6
Todd, Elizabeth, 1948-1949 
"The Meaning of Leisure in Industial Society," 1948-1949 
Outline of final manuscript, 1948 
10 7
Chapter 1: The Time Records, 1948 
10 8
Chapter 2, 1948 
10 9
Chapter 4, 1949 
9 10
Notes, 1947 
10 10
"Where the Time Goes: a Pilot Study based on Adult Students," 1949 
10 11-12
Weinstock, Solomon. "Exploratory Study of the Relations of Leisure Time Patterns," circa 1948 
9 11
Weiss, Hilda. "Work and Job" area, circa 1948 
15 3
9 12-23
Wyler, Julius, 1947-1950 
9 24

Lorwin, Lewis, 1948-1958 circa 1944-1958 

Correspondence and research files created by sociologist Lewis Lorwin (formerly known as Lewis Levine), leading consultant of the Research Division (successor to the IWA, circa 1955). Includes material relating to several projects found elsewhere in the collection, including the Leisure-time study; Labor and Industrial research; and the Religion in Germany project.

Box Folder
General correspondence, 1955-1958 
10 14-20
American private investment, 1954 
11 1
Asian studies, 1955 
10 21
"The Case Against Marxism," 1956 

Proposal, notes, and bibliography for a volume studying non-Marxist philosophy.

10 22
Civil rights, 1955-1956 
10 23
Clearinghouse for research in human organization, 1955 
10 24
Comparative law, 1955 
10 25
Consulting services in management planning, 1955 
10 26
Desegregation, 1955-1956 
10 27
"Discrimination and Low Incomes" study, 1957 
10 28
Ethics in business, 1956-1957 
10 29
European-American relations, 1955 
10 30
European unity, 1955 
11 2
Export credit insurance, 1955 
10 31
Fleischman, Harry, 1956-1957 
10 32
Franco-German relations, 1953-1955 
10 33
Griffith, Sandford, 1956 
10 34
Gurland, Arcadius R. L., 1955 
10 35
Henle, Mary, 1957-1958 
10 36
Intellectuals, 1953-1954 
11 3
Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration, 1955-1957 
10 37
Labor and industrial research, 1956-1957 
10 38
11 4
Langer, Alexander, 1955 
10 39
Leisure-time study, 1948-1956 
10 40
List of Lorwin files, 1956 
10 41
Melamid, Alexander, 1956 
10 42
Metropolitan Economic Association, 1955-1956 
10 43
"Negro Success Models study," circa 1955 
10 44
Old age, 1955 
10 45
Pachter, Henry M., 1956 
10 46
"The Place of Research and Related Activities in the New School for Social Research," 1953 
12 1
Puerto Rican migration study, 1955 
12 2
Research Division of the New School publication bibliography, 1956 

Includes description of division (formerly the IWA) and bibliography of book and article publications.

12 3
"Social and Political Trends in Postwar Germany," 1955 
12 4
Tea industry study, 1955 
12 5
Tyler, Gus, 1956-1957 
12 6
United Nation newsletter project, 1954-1956 

Includes materials for project analyzing and reporting on United Nation policies.

11 5
12 7-9

Propaganda Research Center, 1947-1953 

These records document project on foreign propaganda in the United States. Principal researchers were Karl Ettinger (public relations consultant and lecturer) and Saul K. Padover (Dean, School of Politics, NSSR). Much of their research was performed with assistance from the Office of Naval Research.

Box Folder
General, 1947-1952 
Clippings, 1951-1952 
12 17
Correspondence and memoranda, 1951-1952 
12 18-20
Personnel files, 1947-1951 
12 21
Project proposals, 1951 
12 22
Projects, 1951-1953 
"Brazilian Use of INP Press Releases," 1952-1953 
12 23-24
"Communist Deviations," 1952 
12 25
"Evaluation of Filmslide Use in a Field Operation," 1952 
12 26
"Foreign Propaganda in the United States," 1951-1953 
12 27
"Foreign Repercussions of Domestic Race Relations," 1951 
12 28
"Graphology in Political Intelligence," 1952 
12 29
"Human Carriers of Communist Propaganda," 1951-1952 
12 30
"Legal Problems Resulting from Warfare Disasters," 1952 
12 31
"Patterns of Panic," 1951-1952 
12 32-33
"Testing State Department Movies," 1952-1953 
12 34

Research Project on Totalitarian Communication, 1940-1942 

Documents project studying totalitarian radio propaganda during World War II. Led by Hans Speier and Ernst Kris for the Research Center of the Graduate Faculty of Political and Social Science (IWA's predecessor). Funded by the Rockefeller Foundation.

After fleeing Nazi Germany, sociologist Hans Speier joined the faculty of the New School for Social Research. During World War II, Speier worked with the United States government as a specialist on propaganda and Germany. He would go on to become the director of the Social Science Department of the RAND Corporation.

Trained as a psychoanalyst and art historian, Ernst Kris emigrated from Germany to London in 1938, where he began analyzing Nazi radio broadcasts for the BBC. Moving to New York in 1940, Kris lectured at the New York Psychoanalytic Institute and the College of the City of New York.

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Box Folder
Outline and reports, 1941-1942 
11 6
Research material, 1940-1941 

Includes transcripts of radio plays and films; copies of Studies in Broadcast Propaganda, published by the BBC; lists of reference books on Germany and German radio broadcasts; and copies of German newspaper articles.

11 7-11
Research papers, 1941-1942 
No. 1: "German Radio News Bulletin: Problems and Method of Analysis," 1941 Dec 
11 12
No. 2: "A Study of War Communiques: Methods and Results," 1942 Jan 
11 13
No. 3: "German Freedom Stations Broadcasting to Britain," 1942 Jan 
11 14
No. 4: "German Radio Propaganda to France: Part 1, Method," 1942 Mar 
11 15
No. 5: "Data on a German Defeat Situation: Preliminary Remarks on German Radio Communication in the Winter of 1941-1943," 1942 Jan 
11 16
No. 6: "Topics of the Day: A German Radio Program," 1942 Aug 
11 17
No. 7: "Typological Analysis of Stereotypes Used in German News Broadcasts," 1943 Jan 
11 18
Kris, Enrst. "The German Academic Institutions Under National Socialism," 1942 

Includes project drafts, outlines and proposals, and correspondence regarding the inability to secure funding for the research from the Carnegie Corporation.

11 19

Ringer, Alexander. Musical Attitudes of Metropolitan College Students, 1948-1953 

Documentation of development of musicologist Alexander Ringer's thesis project, including a critique by Theodor W. Adorno. Though limited in scope to musicology, Ringer's study provided much of the methodological basis for the IWA's Leisure-time project.

Box Folder
Correspondence, 1948-1952 

Regards Ringer's research on music and letters of recommendation from Hans Staudinger to other universities and institutes.

13 5
Commentary, 1949-1950s 

Contains critique and analysis of Ringer's study by outside researchers.

Adorno, Theodor W., 1949 
13 6
Freedberger, Leila, 1949 
13 7
Study on the Influence of Radio on the Musical Taste, 1950s 

Commentary and critique on Ringer's study by an unidentified reviewer.

13 8
Drafts, 1949-1953 

Contains typescript and handwritten drafts. The material is arranged according to manuscript version, when possible, although dating of individual manuscripts was not possible.

Chapter, 1949-1953 
11 20
13 9
Complete, 1949-1953 
13 10-14
Examination copy, 1949 
13 15
Final corrected, 1948-1951 
13 16
Re-typed pages, circa 1953 
13 17
Tables, circa 1949-1953 
13 18
Line of argument memorandum, 1951 
13 19
Notes and preliminary material, circa 1949 
11 21
"Problems Confronting this Study," circa 1950 
13 20
Research material, 1948-1951 

Contains published material consulted by Ringer as part of his research.

11 22
13 21-22
15 4

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Collection Guide Last Updated: 02/28/2017

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